Monthly Archives: September 2016

Immigrants’ enclaves – stepping stones or stumbling blocks for integration?

Immigrants typically do not settle evenly across the countries in which they move. Rather, they tend to cluster in particular neighborhoods. In public discourse these ethnic enclaves are often seen as an inhibitor to societal and labor market integration. Statistics … Continue reading

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Discrimination against female migrants wearing a headscarf

Germany is currently experiencing a high influx of Muslim migrants. Their labor market integration is a crucial policy goal. However, females with backgrounds of migration from Muslim countries, and especially of those wearing headscarves, are still faced with high levels … Continue reading

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Genes, education and labor market outcomes

What can genetic information teach us about the intergenerational transmission of economic inequality? A new IZA Discussion Paper by Nicholas W. Papageorge (Johns Hopkins University & IZA) and Kevin Thom (New York University) uses molecular genetic data to better understand … Continue reading

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How the world’s largest social pension reform is transforming family old-age care

By Xi Chen (Yale University and IZA) Social pensions are designed to provide the elderly population, especially those with low lifetime incomes, basic protection against poverty in old age. In 2009 China introduced a government subsidized social pension system called … Continue reading

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Differences in risk attitudes do not explain gender gap in leadership positions

A recent IZA World of Labor article suggests that gender differences in attitudes toward risk are less significant than previously claimed and cannot explain women’s under-representation in high-level occupations. The commonly accepted argument in the economics literature is that women … Continue reading

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Different sleep cycles can explain part of the gender performance gap in education

Girls largely outperform boys academically in middle and high school. Performance gaps begin to arise as early as in third grade, when boys start recording lower reading scores than girls. These gaps continue to permeate and grow through secondary school … Continue reading

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Teacher expectations influence student educational outcomes

Do teacher expectations matter?  In particular, can teacher expectations influence student educational outcomes? Yes, says a new IZA paper authored by researchers at Johns Hopkins University’s Department of Economics and American University’s School of Public Affairs. Scholars, pundits, educators, and … Continue reading

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