Author Archives: IZA Press

The gender pay gap: Discrimination or structural differences?

By Solomon W. Polachek Women earn less than men. In the US the gap is approximately 22%. Among OECD countries the gap averages 15%. One might argue this indicates rampant discrimination. But the story is far more complicated. Many women … Continue reading

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How the origins of language structures may help explain current economic outcomes

A growing literature in economics has demonstrated that grammatical features of languages influence our economic decisions. For example, whether or not a language makes a clear-cut distinction between present and future (while an English speaker uses a future marker as … Continue reading

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Decoding attitudes towards migrants

The recent political success of right-wing populists in the US and in many European countries is often attributed to a surge in anti-immigrant sentiments among broad parts of voter populations. Researchers, however, have struggled to understand the development of these … Continue reading

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IZA/IAB Linked Evaluation Dataset: New resource for the analysis of labor market policies

High-quality data are the key to evaluating the effectiveness of labor market policies. While administrative datasets provide detailed and reliable information on individual job histories, survey data give insights into individual behavior, attitudes and subjective experiences. A joint project by … Continue reading

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On World Day of Social Justice: Insights on economic inequality from IZA World of Labor

The UN has proclaimed February 20 the “World Day of Social Justice” to support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for … Continue reading

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Does modern technology slow down employment growth after recessions?

In the last 25 to 30 years, recoveries from recessions in the US have been plagued by weak employment growth. While before 1990 employment growth during the two years following a recession was a little over five percent, it has … Continue reading

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How to improve compliance with sectoral minimum wages

Research on minimum wages focuses mainly on their impact on employment. More recently some papers have looked also at prices, profits and productivity. But they disregard a potentially important issue: non-compliance. Economists tend to assume that the minimum wage is … Continue reading

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