Category Archives: Opinions

Opinion pieces by IZA network members.

The gender pay gap: Discrimination or structural differences?

By Solomon W. Polachek Women earn less than men. In the US the gap is approximately 22%. Among OECD countries the gap averages 15%. One might argue this indicates rampant discrimination. But the story is far more complicated. Many women … Continue reading

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Will robots take over? How automation changes the world of work

Technological change has advanced digitalization and automation in a number of industries, raising fears that human workers will eventually become redundant. Recent studies predict that almost half of existing jobs are at risk of becoming extinct due to this process. … Continue reading

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On the costs and benefits of international labor mobility: Interview with George Borjas

The drastic and unexpected increase in the number of people seeking asylum in Germany in 2015 has overshadowed the long ongoing discussion about amending the German immigration law. The current refugee situation has caused some to argue that such a … Continue reading

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The overeducated Italian doctors

By Giuseppe Lucio Gaeta, Giuseppe Lubrano Lavadera, and Francesco Pastore Gaining a Ph.D. possibly determines positive outcomes from both an individual and a societal perspective. For candidates, doctoral education is an investment aimed at acquiring skills and competences to be … Continue reading

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What politicos get wrong in Germany’s retirement debate

A crucial reality check for all Germany’s politicians eager to hand out even more retirement benefits: They need to ensure that the – already staggering – financial burden carried by the younger members of the workforce will not rise even … Continue reading

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Against xenophobia and national barriers – in light of the refugee crisis in Europe

European leaders have failed to devise any short-term solutions to address the underlying drivers forcing refugees to flee Africa and the Middle East, pushing some policy makers and sections of the public to press for closing borders and raising fences … Continue reading

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Two solutions to the challenges of population aging

By Milena Nikolova Population aging—the increase of the share of older individuals in a society due to fertility declines and rising life expectancy—is an irreversible global trend with far-reaching economic and socio-political consequences. By 2050, the number of people aged … Continue reading

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