Category Archives: Research

Current research findings.

On World Day of Social Justice: Insights on economic inequality from IZA World of Labor

The UN has proclaimed February 20 the “World Day of Social Justice” to support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Does modern technology slow down employment growth after recessions?

In the last 25 to 30 years, recoveries from recessions in the US have been plagued by weak employment growth. While before 1990 employment growth during the two years following a recession was a little over five percent, it has … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

How to improve compliance with sectoral minimum wages

Research on minimum wages focuses mainly on their impact on employment. More recently some papers have looked also at prices, profits and productivity. But they disregard a potentially important issue: non-compliance. Economists tend to assume that the minimum wage is … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on How to improve compliance with sectoral minimum wages

Three mechanisms to boost firm productivity

Monetary incentives are not always the most cost-effective way to make employees more productive. Three recent IZA World of Labor articles look at alternative mechanisms to improve worker productivity and boost firm performance: peer effects, employee well-being, and employee ownership. … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Three mechanisms to boost firm productivity

Globalization’s stabilizing effect on manufacturing jobs in Germany

Recently, there has been strong interest in the decline of manufacturing in the United States. Although the share in real output has been constant since the 1960s, the share in aggregate employment has been steadily decreasing over time. A popular … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , | Comments Off on Globalization’s stabilizing effect on manufacturing jobs in Germany

The economics of mental health: Better treatment would more than pay for itself

Mental illness accounts for half of all illness up to age 45 in rich countries, making it the most prevalent disease among working-age people. Mental illness costs billions in welfare payments and lost taxes. Sir Richard Layard (London School of Economics) … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Comments Off on The economics of mental health: Better treatment would more than pay for itself

Do employers care where you’re from?

In the last two decades, economists’ interest in social networks has increased dramatically. This has come with a parallel awareness that putting humans in their social context is not only a matter of embellishing theoretical models with human behavior but … Continue reading

Posted in Research | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off on Do employers care where you’re from?