Category Archives: Research

Current research findings.

Can debt restructuring help households out of the debt trap?

During the last financial crisis, the indebtedness of households and the number of bankrupt households reached levels that had not yet been experienced on a worldwide scale. In such an environment of high private debt, the policy debate seems to … Continue reading

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How tax policy can promote lifelong learning

In the face of demographic and technological change, people will have to work longer and are more likely to switch jobs, careers, or tasks within a given job. Faster depreciation of human capital increases the need for lifelong learning. Some … Continue reading

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The labor market in Japan, 2000–2016: A role model for aging societies across the globe

A new IZA World of Labor report looking at developments in the labor market in Japan since 2000 finds that despite a plummeting working-age population, Japan has sustained its labor force size, thanks to surging employment among women. Aging populations … Continue reading

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Equality of opportunity – for what?

By Daniel Mahler and Xavi Ramos The notion that individuals ought to have equal opportunities in life is popular among politicians, the general public, and philosophers alike. It is deeply embodied in the American Dream and has resonated with politicians … Continue reading

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Gender bias in teaching evaluations by economics students

In an ongoing heated debate on sexism in the economic profession, sparked by an analysis by Alice Wu of sexist speech in an anonymous online forum, economists see themselves accused of discrimination against women in the profession. Indeed, female professors … Continue reading

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Transitioning across gender is related to greater life and job satisfaction

A new IZA World of Labor report finds that after transitioning, trans people experience better mental health, and greater life and job satisfaction. Furthermore, studies show that while becoming a man is related to a small rise in wages, trans-women … Continue reading

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Who are the women in the top 1% and how do they make their money?

A lot of attention has been given to rising inequality and, in particular, to the increasing income share going to the top of the distribution in many countries. Researchers have studied many aspects of this development, such as the importance … Continue reading

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