Category Archives: Research

Current research findings.

The economic value of Breaking Bad: How misbehavior in school pays off for some kids

By Nicholas W. Papageorge (Johns Hopkins University and IZA) There is growing interest in how schools can shape children’s non-cognitive skills (sometimes known as behavioral traits, soft skills, or personality). One reason for this interest is that non-cognitive skills predict … Continue reading

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Who feels the pain of science research budget cuts?

By Bruce A. Weinberg (Ohio State University and IZA) Science funding is intended to support the production of new knowledge and ideas that develop new technologies, improve medical treatments and strengthen the economy. The idea goes back to influential engineer … Continue reading

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How social norms affect smoking behavior

Today on World No Tobacco Day, the WHO highlights the various negative effects of smoking, calling attention to the fact that tobacco use worldwide causes more than 7 million deaths every year. Since the effects on health, income and productivity … Continue reading

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Rise in earnings inequality is the biggest difficulty in today’s US labor market

A new IZA World of Labor report looking at the US labor market (2000-2016) finds a remarkable drop in the labor force participation rate; the nearly full recovery of unemployment from the depths of the Great Recession; and the continuing growth in … Continue reading

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How personality is affected by birth order and birth spacing

The family environment is among the most important factors in the development of a child’s personality. It is evident that parental strategies and the amount of time and resources that parents are able to put towards their children would have … Continue reading

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Do longer working hours decrease performance?

Working hours vary substantially, both between and within countries, due to differences in the regulation of the standard workweek and in the prevalence of part-time work. Relatively little, however, is known about how the length of the working day affects … Continue reading

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The migration of talent – global inequality or global benefits?

Much of the public debate on migration centers on the skill level of migrants. While receiving countries are concerned about low-skilled labor immigration and refugee flows, emigration countries fear that high-skilled workers will increasingly leave the country. Global migration flows … Continue reading

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