Category Archives: Research

Current research findings.

The labor market in Japan, 2000–2016: A role model for aging societies across the globe

A new IZA World of Labor report looking at developments in the labor market in Japan since 2000 finds that despite a plummeting working-age population, Japan has sustained its labor force size, thanks to surging employment among women. Aging populations … Continue reading

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Equality of opportunity – for what?

By Daniel Mahler and Xavi Ramos The notion that individuals ought to have equal opportunities in life is popular among politicians, the general public, and philosophers alike. It is deeply embodied in the American Dream and has resonated with politicians … Continue reading

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Gender bias in teaching evaluations by economics students

In an ongoing heated debate on sexism in the economic profession, sparked by an analysis by Alice Wu of sexist speech in an anonymous online forum, economists see themselves accused of discrimination against women in the profession. Indeed, female professors … Continue reading

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Transitioning across gender is related to greater life and job satisfaction

A new IZA World of Labor report finds that after transitioning, trans people experience better mental health, and greater life and job satisfaction. Furthermore, studies show that while becoming a man is related to a small rise in wages, trans-women … Continue reading

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Who are the women in the top 1% and how do they make their money?

A lot of attention has been given to rising inequality and, in particular, to the increasing income share going to the top of the distribution in many countries. Researchers have studied many aspects of this development, such as the importance … Continue reading

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Do managers need more masculine or more feminine skills?

Among top business managers women are still a rare sight. The reasons are complex and subject to heated debates. One controversial explanation suggests that a successful corporate manager needs to have “male” attributes and skills such as risk-taking and competitive … Continue reading

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How home ownership affects displaced workers’ future labor market outcomes

The owner-occupied housing market, alongside the labor market, suffered from strong negative developments in many countries during the Great Recession that started in 2008. In the Netherlands, the owner-occupied housing sector experienced a decline of almost 50% in the number … Continue reading

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