Tag Archives: demography

“Jobs for Development”: How job creation can drive progress and what policies can support this process

Job creation is at the heart of development. This was the central message of the World Bank’s “World Development Report 2013: Jobs”, to which IZA had also contributed. Jobs raise living standards and lift people out of poverty, they contribute … Continue reading

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What politicos get wrong in Germany’s retirement debate

A crucial reality check for all Germany’s politicians eager to hand out even more retirement benefits: They need to ensure that the – already staggering – financial burden carried by the younger members of the workforce will not rise even … Continue reading

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China’s new two-child policy not enough to cope with aging population

In January 2016, China formally changed its one-child policy, now allowing all couples to have two children. Fei Wang, Liqiu Zhao and Zhong Zhao systematically examine the labor market consequences of China’s family planning policies in their recent IZA Discussion … Continue reading

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Economic long-term outlooks often too pessimistic

Demographic aging and accompanying shrinking labor forces are common phenomena throughout the developed world. There is a widespread notion that societal aging will put significant pressure on public budgets, a view supported by recent OECD projections. Expenditures for public health … Continue reading

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On occasion of German Reunification Day: New Article on “Children of the Wall”

Today marks the 25th anniversary of German reunification. The signing of the German unification treaty had set in stone what Germans had not expected, but long desired: the unity of the German people. At the time, former German Chancellor Willy … Continue reading

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Addressing demographic challenges: RIETI and IZA World of Labor Policy Symposium in Tokyo

The Tokyo-based Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) and IZA World of Labor joined forces to discuss international evidence and the policy implications for Japan’s demographic challenges in the Policy Symposium “Reforming Labor Market Institutions to Promote Elderly … Continue reading

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Confusion over German retirement age policy: 67, 63, or 65?

Germany’s hotly debated retirement age reform of 2007 enforced a rise in the mandatory retirement age from 65 to 67 years over the next decades. It served as a model case across Europe, and initiated a debate about a further … Continue reading

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