Tag Archives: France

Women’s chances in STEM fields better than often thought

One of the most common explanations why women are underrepresented in many areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is that a hiring bias against women exists in those fields. A new study by Thomas Breda and Mélina Hillion, … Continue reading

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What France can learn from Italy about labor market reforms

In an opinion piece published in the Wall Street Journal, IZA Director Klaus F. Zimmermann analyzes European policymakers’ latest efforts at implementing difficult but necessary labor market reforms. Zimmermann sees remarkable progress in Italy, but lack of action in France. … Continue reading

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Stealing to survive: Crime rates rise in response to poor harvest

Between 1863 and 1890, phylloxera (an insect which attacks grapevine roots) destroyed about 40% of the French vineyards. The crisis could only be stopped when vineyards were replanted with hybrid American vines which were resistant to the insect. This poor … Continue reading

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“Austerity is used as a scapegoat to avoid painful reforms”

In an interview with La Tercera newspaper in Chile, IZA Director Klaus F. Zimmermann comments on Europe’s economic difficulties and the current debate on austerity and flexibility. He calls on European policymakers to abandon their ideologically motivated policy strategies in … Continue reading

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Hiring credits stimulated employment during recession in France

In response to soaring unemployment during the Great Recession, the French government introduced a hiring credit in December 2008. The program called zéro charges allowed firms with fewer than ten employees to hire workers at the minimum wage without paying … Continue reading

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Europe’s Lost Generation

The profound economic crisis in Europe now has a human face – that of desperately protesting youth who feel cheated out of their future. More than seven million young people under the age of 25 in the European Union are … Continue reading

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Youth unemployment in Old Europe: The polar cases of France and Germany

France and Germany are two polar cases in the European debate about rising youth unemployment. Similar to what can be observed in Southern European countries, a lost generation may arise in France. In stark contrast, youth unemployment has been on … Continue reading

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