Tag Archives: gender

Transitioning across gender is related to greater life and job satisfaction

A new IZA World of Labor report finds that after transitioning, trans people experience better mental health, and greater life and job satisfaction. Furthermore, studies show that while becoming a man is related to a small rise in wages, trans-women … Continue reading

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Do managers need more masculine or more feminine skills?

Among top business managers women are still a rare sight. The reasons are complex and subject to heated debates. One controversial explanation suggests that a successful corporate manager needs to have “male” attributes and skills such as risk-taking and competitive … Continue reading

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Mental health affects employment outcomes – and vice versa

Depression, which is the focus of this year’s World Health Day, is also an important topic for labor economists as mental health and employment outcomes are inherently intertwined. People with poor mental health have lower levels of economic activity, lower … Continue reading

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The gender pay gap: Discrimination or structural differences?

By Solomon W. Polachek Women earn less than men. In the US the gap is approximately 22%. Among OECD countries the gap averages 15%. One might argue this indicates rampant discrimination. But the story is far more complicated. Many women … Continue reading

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Gender discrimination at work: What if your boss is a woman?

Despite the remarkable increase of female participation in education, the labor market and political life that has taken place over the past several decades, women are on average still paid less than men and are largely underrepresented in supervisory, managerial … Continue reading

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Should housework be shared more equally between partners?

Women do more housework than men. For most of history this phenomenon went largely unremarked. Housework was what women did, while men supported their families with paid work. However, the role of women has been changing: women’s educational levels are … Continue reading

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High testosterone, high wages?

Does the level of testosterone, which is associated with more aggressive and competitive behavior, explain why men earn more than women? In a new IZA Discussion Paper, Anne C. Gielen, Jessica Holmes and Caitlin Knowles Myers study this question by … Continue reading

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