Tag Archives: labor market

The gender pay gap: Discrimination or structural differences?

By Solomon W. Polachek Women earn less than men. In the US the gap is approximately 22%. Among OECD countries the gap averages 15%. One might argue this indicates rampant discrimination. But the story is far more complicated. Many women … Continue reading

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Does modern technology slow down employment growth after recessions?

In the last 25 to 30 years, recoveries from recessions in the US have been plagued by weak employment growth. While before 1990 employment growth during the two years following a recession was a little over five percent, it has … Continue reading

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Labor market disadvantages for persons with disabilities need tailored policy responses

December 3rd marks the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. In Europe, about one in eight people of working age (aged 15–64) report having a disability, defined as the presence of a long-term limiting health condition. Despite the introduction of … Continue reading

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Outsourcing of cognitive tasks to blame for polarized labor market, not technology

In recent decades labor markets in many developed countries have become increasingly polarized: middle-wage occupations have been declining, while employment in both high- and low-wage occupations has increased. Many studies point to increasing automation and offshoring of routine middling jobs … Continue reading

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On the costs and benefits of international labor mobility: Interview with George Borjas

The drastic and unexpected increase in the number of people seeking asylum in Germany in 2015 has overshadowed the long ongoing discussion about amending the German immigration law. The current refugee situation has caused some to argue that such a … Continue reading

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How female labor supply is influenced by working neighbors and retired grandmothers

Over the last century, female labor participation has increased in almost all developed countries. The availability of child care and increased contraceptive access along with other institutional, cultural and policy changes have made it easier for women to reconcile family … Continue reading

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Automatic stabilizers: shock absorber or incentive killer?

The Great Recession has revived aggregate demand management policies. In particular, “automatic stabilizers” are praised since they are rule-based and thus operate swiftly and symmetrically across the cycle. The idea is to temper the economy when it overheats and provide … Continue reading

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