Author Archives: IZA Press

The 2018 IZA Prize in Labor Economics goes to Joseph Altonji

Joseph G. Altonji (Yale University) will receive the 2018 IZA Prize in Labor Economics for his seminal contributions to the economic analysis of labor supply, family economics and discrimination. Worth 60,000 euros, the IZA Prize is regarded as the most … Continue reading

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The costly consequences of just failing a high-stakes exam

Education systems around the world increasingly apply standardized high school exit exams to make achievement more comparable among graduates (see the IZA World of Labor article “Central exit exams improve student outcomes“). These exams can be an important feature of … Continue reading

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Air pollution increases crime in London

Higher levels of air pollution in London increase the rate of most types of crime in the capital and, in particular, less severe kinds such as shoplifting and pickpocketing. However, air pollution was not found to have a significant impact … Continue reading

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The moral hazard of life-saving innovations: Naloxone access, opioid abuse, and crime

By Jennifer Doleac and Anita Mukherjee The United States is grappling with an epidemic of opioid abuse and mortality. The U.S. Surgeon General recently called for everyone to carry naloxone — a drug that can save someone’s life if administered … Continue reading

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Is dependency on disability insurance benefits transmitted from parents to children?

Disability benefits provide an essential safety net for many people of working age whose health prevents them from engaging in paid work. But many countries are increasingly concerned about the fiscal sustainability of high and growing disability insurance (DI) dependency … Continue reading

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The impact of self-selection on performance

Our behavior is strongly influenced by comparisons with others. These “others” are not usually assigned to us, but we choose who we interact and compare ourselves with. Or, as economists put it, individuals self-select into certain environments and into specific … Continue reading

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How China’s rise has challenged the benign view of free trade

The costs and benefits of free trade are one of the most contentious topics in economic policy. Economists often argue in policy discussions that trade is Pareto improving (i.e., at least one party wins without any other party losing) and … Continue reading

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