Category Archives: Research

Current research findings.

New evidence on ‘gay glass ceilings’ in top management

Do sexual minorities face barriers in accessing jobs with supervisory and managerial workplace authority? And once on the managerial ladder, do they face glass ceilings that block them from higher-level posts? A new IZA discussion paper by Cevat Giray Aksoy … Continue reading

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Informal care givers pay a high price in well-being

Population ageing is putting large pressure on public health and pension systems in most Western countries, and so policymakers are increasingly searching for ways to cut costs. Some of the reforms have resulted in larger burdens especially for poorer individuals … Continue reading

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The costly consequences of just failing a high-stakes exam

Education systems around the world increasingly apply standardized high school exit exams to make achievement more comparable among graduates (see the IZA World of Labor article “Central exit exams improve student outcomes“). These exams can be an important feature of … Continue reading

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Air pollution increases crime in London

Higher levels of air pollution in London increase the rate of most types of crime in the capital and, in particular, less severe kinds such as shoplifting and pickpocketing. However, air pollution was not found to have a significant impact … Continue reading

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The moral hazard of life-saving innovations: Naloxone access, opioid abuse, and crime

By Jennifer Doleac and Anita Mukherjee The United States is grappling with an epidemic of opioid abuse and mortality. The U.S. Surgeon General recently called for everyone to carry naloxone — a drug that can save someone’s life if administered … Continue reading

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Is dependency on disability insurance benefits transmitted from parents to children?

Disability benefits provide an essential safety net for many people of working age whose health prevents them from engaging in paid work. But many countries are increasingly concerned about the fiscal sustainability of high and growing disability insurance (DI) dependency … Continue reading

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The impact of self-selection on performance

Our behavior is strongly influenced by comparisons with others. These “others” are not usually assigned to us, but we choose who we interact and compare ourselves with. Or, as economists put it, individuals self-select into certain environments and into specific … Continue reading

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