Tag Archives: education

The costly consequences of just failing a high-stakes exam

Education systems around the world increasingly apply standardized high school exit exams to make achievement more comparable among graduates (see the IZA World of Labor article “Central exit exams improve student outcomes“). These exams can be an important feature of … Continue reading

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Searching on campus: Marriage market effects of the student gender composition

The growing success of online dating platforms seems to indicate that finding your partner in the “real” world becomes harder. But still, there are such offline opportunities: At universities, for example, people with lined-up interests as well as similar age … Continue reading

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Do boys benefit from male teachers in elementary school?

The scarcity of male teachers in elementary school has led to a debate on whether young boys require more male role models in school, and whether boys might be discriminated against by female teachers. A recent IZA Discussion Paper by … Continue reading

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How tax policy can promote lifelong learning

In the face of demographic and technological change, people will have to work longer and are more likely to switch jobs, careers, or tasks within a given job. Faster depreciation of human capital increases the need for lifelong learning. Some … Continue reading

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Equality of opportunity – for what?

By Daniel Mahler and Xavi Ramos The notion that individuals ought to have equal opportunities in life is popular among politicians, the general public, and philosophers alike. It is deeply embodied in the American Dream and has resonated with politicians … Continue reading

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Educational choices can help explain income inequality in Germany

Rising levels of income inequality in many developed countries have led to much political and scientific controversy. One of the empirical challenges is to identify the causes and drivers of inequality. A new study by German economists Albrecht Glitz (Universitat … Continue reading

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Getting it right: Policies to fight youth unemployment in the EU

Despite the fact that the global financial crisis has largely come to end, youth unemployment remains high, with rates of jobless young people higher than those of adults across the entire EU. This problem has not gone unnoticed, however. Many … Continue reading

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