Tag Archives: exam

The costly consequences of just failing a high-stakes exam

Education systems around the world increasingly apply standardized high school exit exams to make achievement more comparable among graduates (see the IZA World of Labor article “Central exit exams improve student outcomes“). These exams can be an important feature of … Continue reading

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Women’s chances in STEM fields better than often thought

One of the most common explanations why women are underrepresented in many areas of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is that a hiring bias against women exists in those fields. A new study by Thomas Breda and Mélina Hillion, … Continue reading

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Women are not scared of competing with males, field experiment shows

Despite increasing female labor market participation, gender differences in labor market outcomes persist: men earn more, have better employment perspectives and better access to top positions. One explanation for the persisting gender gap is that women are more reluctant to … Continue reading

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