Tag Archives: labor market

How China’s rise has challenged the benign view of free trade

The costs and benefits of free trade are one of the most contentious topics in economic policy. Economists often argue in policy discussions that trade is Pareto improving (i.e., at least one party wins without any other party losing) and … Continue reading

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The labor market in Japan, 2000–2016: A role model for aging societies across the globe

A new IZA World of Labor report looking at developments in the labor market in Japan since 2000 finds that despite a plummeting working-age population, Japan has sustained its labor force size, thanks to surging employment among women. Aging populations … Continue reading

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How home ownership affects displaced workers’ future labor market outcomes

The owner-occupied housing market, alongside the labor market, suffered from strong negative developments in many countries during the Great Recession that started in 2008. In the Netherlands, the owner-occupied housing sector experienced a decline of almost 50% in the number … Continue reading

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Educational choices can help explain income inequality in Germany

Rising levels of income inequality in many developed countries have led to much political and scientific controversy. One of the empirical challenges is to identify the causes and drivers of inequality. A new study by German economists Albrecht Glitz (Universitat … Continue reading

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The gender pay gap: Discrimination or structural differences?

By Solomon W. Polachek Women earn less than men. In the US the gap is approximately 22%. Among OECD countries the gap averages 15%. One might argue this indicates rampant discrimination. But the story is far more complicated. Many women … Continue reading

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Does modern technology slow down employment growth after recessions?

In the last 25 to 30 years, recoveries from recessions in the US have been plagued by weak employment growth. While before 1990 employment growth during the two years following a recession was a little over five percent, it has … Continue reading

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Labor market disadvantages for persons with disabilities need tailored policy responses

December 3rd marks the International Day of Persons with Disabilities. In Europe, about one in eight people of working age (aged 15–64) report having a disability, defined as the presence of a long-term limiting health condition. Despite the introduction of … Continue reading

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